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How Cities Around the U.S. Are Putting Heat Deaths on Ice (2023)

How Cities Around the U.S. Are Putting Heat Deaths on Ice (2023)
How Cities Around the U.S. Are Putting Heat Deaths on Ice (2023)

As temperatures continue to rise due to climate change, the threat of heat-related illness and death is becoming more severe in cities across the United States. However, some cities are taking proactive steps to address this issue and protect their citizens from the dangers of extreme heat. In this article, we will explore some of the ways that cities around the U.S. are putting heat deaths on ice.


With the increasing impacts of climate change, heat-related deaths have become a critical public health issue, especially in urban areas. Cities across the United States are grappling with rising temperatures, which are exacerbated by the urban heat island effect, and are implementing innovative strategies to mitigate heat deaths. In this article, we will explore how cities around the U.S. are putting heat deaths on ice through various measures and initiatives.

Strategies Adopted by Cities to Combat Heat Deaths

Cities are taking proactive steps to address the growing concern of heat deaths. One of the key strategies is the development and implementation of heat action plans that include early warning systems, heat advisories, and emergency response protocols. These plans are crucial in reducing the risks associated with extreme heat, especially for vulnerable populations such as the elderly, children, and people with pre-existing health conditions.

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In addition to heat action plans, cities are investing in heat mitigation strategies such as increasing green spaces, creating cool roofs, and installing reflective pavements. Green infrastructure, including parks, urban forests, and green roofs, can significantly reduce the urban heat island effect by providing shade, reducing surface temperatures, and increasing evapotranspiration. Cool roofs, which reflect sunlight and absorb less heat, can help reduce indoor temperatures in buildings, resulting in lower energy consumption and decreased heat-related health risks. Reflective pavements, made of materials that reflect more sunlight, can reduce surface temperatures and improve pedestrian comfort.

Urban Heat Island Effect and Its Impact on Cities

The urban heat island effect refers to the phenomenon where urban areas experience higher temperatures compared to their rural surroundings. This is primarily due to the concentration of buildings, pavement, and lack of green spaces, which absorb and retain heat, resulting in increased temperatures. The urban heat island effect can exacerbate the impacts of heat waves, making cities more vulnerable to heat-related health risks.

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Cities are increasingly recognizing the need to address the urban heat island effect and its impact on public health. They are implementing measures to increase green spaces, promote green roofs, and use reflective materials in building construction to mitigate the urban heat island effect. These strategies help create a cooler and more livable urban environment, reducing the risks associated with extreme heat.

Green Infrastructure and Its Role in Mitigating Heat Deaths

Green infrastructure plays a crucial role in mitigating heat deaths in cities. It includes parks, green roofs, urban forests, and other natural or semi-natural green spaces that provide multiple benefits, including reducing heat-related health risks. Green spaces act as “urban lungs” by absorbing carbon dioxide,

purifying the air, and providing shade, which helps to lower temperatures in urban areas. Parks and urban forests act as “cool islands” that can provide a respite from the heat and offer opportunities for outdoor recreation and social interaction. Green roofs, which are covered with vegetation, can reduce the heat absorbed by buildings and lower indoor temperatures, thereby reducing the need for air conditioning and decreasing energy consumption.

Cities are increasingly recognizing the importance of green infrastructure in mitigating heat deaths and are investing in the creation and maintenance of green spaces. For example, cities like New York City have initiated programs to increase the number of parks and green roofs, while also promoting the planting of trees along streets and sidewalks to provide shade and lower temperatures. These green infrastructure initiatives not only help in reducing heat-related health risks but also contribute to improving overall urban livability and resilience.

Building Design and Technology for Heat-Resilient Cities

Building design and technology play a crucial role in creating heat-resilient cities. Innovative building designs, materials, and technologies can significantly reduce the impact of extreme heat on buildings and their occupants. For instance, buildings designed with natural ventilation systems, shading devices, and high-reflectivity materials can lower indoor temperatures and reduce the need for air conditioning. Cool roofs, green roofs, and green walls can also be integrated into building designs to provide additional insulation and reduce heat absorption.

Cities are increasingly adopting building codes and regulations that mandate the use of energy-efficient materials and technologies in new constructions and renovations. Building certifications such as LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) are also being implemented to encourage sustainable building practices that contribute to heat resilience. Additionally, technological advancements such as smart thermostats, automated shading systems, and building management systems can optimize energy use, improve indoor comfort, and reduce heat-related health risks in buildings.


As cities across the U.S. face the increasing challenge of heat-related health risks, they are taking proactive measures to put heat deaths on ice. Through the implementation of green infrastructure, innovative building design and technology, city planning and policy measures, community engagement and education, heat health surveillance and early warning systems, and collaborations among stakeholders, cities are working towards building heat-resilient communities. However, the efforts need to be ongoing, adaptive, and inclusive to address the unique challenges and vulnerabilities of each city and its population.


What is heat-related illness?

Heat-related illness is a range of conditions that can occur when the body overheats, including heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

Who is most vulnerable to heat-related illness?

The elderly, young children and those with chronic health conditions are most vulnerable to heat-related illness.

How is climate change contributing to the heat threat?

Climate change is causing temperatures to rise, making heat waves more frequent and severe.

What are cooling centers?

Cooling centers are air-conditioned spaces where people can go to escape the heat.

How can individuals protect themselves from heat deaths?

Individuals can protect themselves from the heat by staying hydrated, avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun, and seeking out cool spaces.

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